List of musicians

Info

This website provides basic information about musicians and non-musicians related to music books in the database; it is not intended to present a full biography of musicians, but to establish useful connections with their sources, institutions, locations, works, documents, and bibliography. Under "Locations" of a composer's entry we list all the locations in which he lived and those in which his music is currently found; under "Institutions", we list only the institutions where he worked or to which he applied for a position through the so-called "oposiciones". Whenever possible, we'll try to indicate the approximate periods of service in each institution. The distinction between "Locations" and "Institutions" provides a useful overview about the dissemination of a composer's works; for instance, Sebastián Aguilera de Heredia (1561-1627) worked only in two cathedrals in Huesca and Zaragoza, but his music is found in at least twenty-two locations in Spain and the New World.

Displaying 701 - 800 of 900

Details

Birth date: 
16/2 (?)
Death date: 
16/4 (?)
Nationality: 
Biography: 

The composer Alessandro Romano has been confused with the singer Alessandro Merlo; this confusion is maintained in RISM and in the Printed Sacred Music Database. According to Sherr (p. 464), Merlo's career "makes it nearly impossible for Merlo to be the same person as the composer Alessandro Romano, with whom he has been confused since the 19th century. Romano, who claimed to be a pupil of Willaert and Rore, published his first book of madrigals in 1554 (when Merlo was a choirboy in the Cappella Giulia)". 

Submission’s author: 
fl. 1554—1582

Details

Birth date: 
16/3-4 (?)
Death date: 
17/2 (1649)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1621—1623 Catedral de Tarazona
1631—1635 Catedral de Tarazona
1636—1649 Seo de Zaragoza
Submission’s author: 
? — Zaragoza, 1649

Details

Birth date: 
16/1 (1515)
Death date: 
16/3 (1565)
Nationality: 
Submission’s author: 
1515/16 — 1565

Details

Birth date: 
16/1 (1510)
Death date: 
16/4
Nationality: 
ca. 1510 — after 1577

Details

Birth date: 
16/1 (1522)
Death date: 
16/4 (1590]
Nationality: 
Institutions: 
Periods of service: 
1553-1559 Court of Mantua (curator of the duke's instruments)
1550s-1560s Trent, Cardinal Ercole Gonzaga's service
1563-1576 Mantua Cathedral (chapelmaster)
1582-1585 Mantua Cathedral (organist)
Submission’s author: 
Brescia, ca. 1522 — Mantua, 30-IV-1590

Details

Birth date: 
16/3 ?
Death date: 
16/4
Nationality: 
Submission’s author: 
Bologna, ca. 1553 — Bologna, VI-1597

Details

Birth date: 
16/1 (1510)
Death date: 
16/4 (1577)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1544: musician employed by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
1548: magister puerorum of the Cappella Giulia
1566-1571: employed at S Luigi dei Francesi
1572-1575: employed at S Giovanni in Laterano
Submission’s author: 
ca 1510 - after 1577

Details

Birth date: 
16/2 (1541-42)
Death date: 
16/4 (1597)
Nationality: 
Submission’s author: 
1541-42 — Mantua, 7-X-1597

Details

Birth date: 
16/2 (?)
Death date: 
16/4 (?)
Nationality: 
Locations: 
References: 

The psalm Ad te levavi (4vv) is attributed to the unknown "Rubio" in E-TZ 05 (17r).

Submission’s author: 
Tarazona, fl. 16th century

Details

Birth date: 
16/1 (1508)
Death date: 
16/4 (1587)
Nationality: 
Verona, ca. 1508 — Sacile, near Pordenone, 9-II-1587

Details

Birth date: 
16/2
Death date: 
17/1
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1565, May 21 — 1598 Catedral de Jaén
Submission’s author: 
Salamanca, ca. 1535 — Jaén, 1605

Details

Birth date: 
16/4 (1585)
Death date: 
17/3 (1652)
Nationality: 
Title and date of treatise: 
Laura de la música eclesiástica (Madrid
1627)
References: 

The inventory menu in DIAMM indicates erroneously that the two works (only one is attributted to "Robledo") in the manuscript E-AL 2 [Colegiata de Alquézar (Huesca). Biblioteca] are by Juan Ruiz de Robledo (ca. 1585-after 1652), but they are by Melchor Robledo (ca. 1510-1586); the dates of Melchor Ruiz de Robledo and E-AL 2 are incompatible. See http://www.diamm.ac.uk/jsp/Descriptions?op=SOURCE&sourceKey=1517

Segovia, ca. 1585 — Berlanga de Duero (Soria), after 1652

Details

Birth date: 
16/4
Death date: 
17/4 (1679)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1612 — 1623 Catedral de Baeza
Submission’s author: 
España, fl. 1612 — 1679

Details

Birth date: 
19/1
Death date: 
19/4
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1854 —1865 Catedral de Jaén (maestro de capilla)
1865 —1874 Catedral de Jaén (organista)
1874 —1894 Catedral de Jaén (maestro de capilla)
Submission’s author: 
Jaen, 25-III-1822 — Jaén, 9-X-1894

Details

Birth date: 
17/2 (?)
Death date: 
18/1 (1708)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1668- : Convento Real de la Encarnación, Madrid (chapelmaster)
Submission’s author: 
17/2 (?) — Madrid?, before 12-IX-1708

Details

Birth date: 
16/4 (?)
Death date: 
17/3 (1656)
Nationality: 
Biography: 

Melchor Ruiz era tenor en la Catedral de Ávila y suplía al maestro de capilla Alfonso Vaz de Acosta.

Submission’s author: 
fl. Ávila, 17/1-3

Details

Birth date: 
17/4 (?)
Death date: 
18/3 (?)
Nationality: 
Biography: 

This composer does not have an entry in the Diccionario de la música española e hispanoamericana. According to a villancico printed in 1757 preserved at Jaca Cathedral, Francisco Salas was a "racionero", chapelmaster and organist at the Cathedral of Huesca in1756. An organist named also Francisco Salas was active at El Pilar, Zaragoza, in 1719, but it is difficult to know if they were the same person. Both pieces of information are found in an old card catalogue of musicians at the Institución Milá y Fontanals, CSIC, Barcelona.

Submission’s author: 
fl. Zaragoza, 1719 and Huesca, 1756

Details

Birth date: 
17/2 (1650)
Death date: 
18/1 (1715)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1679 (11-VII) — 1688 (VIII) Catedral de Puebla
1688 (3-IX) — 1710 Catedral de México
Submission’s author: 
Puebla, México, 1650? — México D.F., 25-III-1715

Details

Birth date: 
17/3 (?)
Death date: 
18/1 (1709)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1685 (26-XI) — 1709 Catedral de Sevilla
antes de 1685 Maestro de Capilla en Estepa
Submission’s author: 
? — Sevilla, 24-VI-1709

Details

Birth date: 
16/1 (1513)
Death date: 
16/4 (1590)
Nationality: 
Submission’s author: 
Burgos, 1-III-1513 — Salamanca, 13-I-1590

Details

Birth date: 
?
Death date: 
?
Nationality: 
Submission’s author: 
fl. middle of the 16th century

Details

Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
finales s. XV
Submission’s author: 

Details

Nationality: 
Biography: 

La breve entrada en el DMEH dice: "España, siglo XVII. Religioso franciscano que recopiló y publicó la Historia Passionis Christi según los cuatro evangelistas tal como se cantaba con anterioridad al Concilio Vaticano II"

Submission’s author: 
fl. s. XVII

Details

Birth date: 
17/2 (?)
Death date: 
17/4 (?)
Nationality: 
Biography: 

A 1671 inscription in the Segovia manuscript E-SE 05 states that this choirbook, with works by Juan Pérez Roldán, was copied by the scribe and suckbut player Isidro Sánchez Buxia, active in León cathedral: 'Este libro es conpues / to por el maestro Don Joan Perez Roldan / dedicado a la Sta Iglª de Segobia / y escrito por Ysidro Sanchez / Buxia, ministril sacabu / che de la sancta Yglª de Leon. Año / de 1671'. See below the link to the manuscript E-SE 05.

Submission’s author: 
fl. León, 1671

Details

Birth date: 
15/3 (1470)
Death date: 
16/2 (1548)
Nationality: 
Daroca, ca. 1470 — Salamanca, 1548

Details

Birth date: 
18/2
Death date: 
18/4
Nationality: 
Locations: 
Submission’s author: 
Baeza, fl. 1762 - 1777

Details

Birth date: 
16/3 (?)
Death date: 
17/1 (?)
Nationality: 
Submission’s author: 
fl. 1616

Details

Birth date: 
15/4
Death date: 
16/3
Nationality: 
Submission’s author: 
St Marcel, nr Paris, ca. 1490 ? — Italy ?, after 1560

Details

Birth date: 
16/1 (?)
Death date: 
16/3 (1570)
Nationality: 
Submission’s author: 
Madrid, ? — Ribadavia, 1570

Details

Birth date: 
16/4 (1578)
Death date: 
17/2 (1644)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1596 Catedral de Plasencia
1596- Carmelitas de Madrid
1617-1644 Catedral de Sevilla
Submission’s author: 
Lisboa, ca. 1578 — Sevilla, 5-X-1644

Details

Birth date: 
16/3 (?)
Death date: 
17/1 (?)
Nationality: 
fl. 1591-1614
Valdearenas, Guadalajara, c.1725 — El Escorial, Madrid, 27-XII-1777

Details

Birth date: 
18/2
Death date: 
18/4
Nationality: 
Locations: 
Submission’s author: 
Baeza, fl. 1780

Details

Birth date: 
18/3?
Death date: 
19/1?
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
fl. 1780-1787 Catedral de Orihuela
Biography: 

En E-ORIc 3 (1786) se le describe como "Josepho Sart in Collegio Seminario Divi Michaelis Arcangeli Diatonici Cantus Magistro".

References: 

Climent, José. Fondos Musicales de la Región Valenciana. IV: Catedral de Orihuela. Valencia: Facultad de Teología San Vicente Ferrer, 1986, pp. 13-24.

Submission’s author: 

Details

Birth date: 
18/1 (?)
Death date: 
18/3 (1764?)
Nationality: 
Title and date of treatise: 
Música canónica
motética y sagrada... (Pamplona: Martín de Rada
1761)
Submission’s author: 
Tarazona? (Zaragoza) 18/1 (?) — Tarazona?, 1764?

Details

Birth date: 
16/1 (1517)
Death date: 
16/4 (1580)
Nationality: 
Institutions: 
Submission’s author: 
Bergamo, 1517 - Dresden, 1580

Details

Birth date: 
15/4 ?
Death date: 
16/1 ?
Submission’s author: 
Early 16th century

Details

Birth date: 
16/3 (1553)
Death date: 
17/1 (1619)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1565-1569: chorister at Hofkapelle of Archduke Ferinand of the Tyrol
1574-1594: Kapellmeister of the court at Sigmaringen
1574-1605: organist of the court at Sigmaringen
1605-1619: civic organist at the Heilig Kreuz Kirche, Offenburg
Submission’s author: 
Münsterberg, Silesia [Ziębice, Poland] ca 1553 - Offenburg, Baden, 6-IX-1619

Details

Birth date: 
16/2 (?)
Death date: 
16/4 (?)
Submission’s author: 
fl. ca 1570 (?)

Details

Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1530—1539 Catedral de Ávila, maestro de capilla
Biography: 

There are works with ascriptions to "Sepúlveda" in E-SE 02 and in Valderrábano's Silva de sirenas (1547) [RISM 1547/25 = RISM V32] which perhaps could be attributed to the chapelmaster and composer Francisco de Sepúlveda who was active at Ávila cathedral between 1530 and 1539. RISM attibutes the "Sepúlveda" piece in Silva de Sirenas to the theologian and humanist Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda (1490-1573), but no other works are known by him. See Sepúlveda, Francisco de

Details

Birth date: 
16/1 (?)
Death date: 
16/3 (?)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1530 (12-X)—1539 (7-XI) Catedral de Ávila
References: 

There are also ascriptions to "Sepúlveda" in E-SE 02 and in Valderrábano's Silva de sirenas (1547) [RISM 1547/25 = RISM V32] which perhaps could be attributed to the Ávila chapelmaster and composer Francisco de Sepúlveda. RISM attibutes the "Sepúlveda" piece in Silva de Sirenas to the theologian and humanist Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda (1490-1573), but no other works are known by him.

Submission’s author: 
fl. 1530-1539

Details

Birth date: 
19/1
Death date: 
19/4
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1865 —1874 Catedral de Jaén (maestro de capilla interino)
Submission’s author: 
Baeza, Jaén, 27-XII-1823 — Jaén, 26-IV-1888

Details

Submission’s author: 
1st half of the 16th century ?

Details

Birth date: 
15/4 (1490)
Death date: 
16/3 (1562)
Nationality: 
References: 

Pierre de Manchicourt's Missa Gris et tannet in E-MO 768 was based on Sermisy's chanson.

ca. 1490 — Paris, 13-X-1562

Details

References: 

"Serra" is an ascription in GCA-Gc 1. See Snow, A New World Collection, p. 25.

Submission’s author: 

Details

Birth date: 
16/3-4 ?
Death date: 
17/1 (1614)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1583—1587 Catedral de Santo Domingo de la Calzada
1587—1614 Catedral de Segovia
Submission’s author: 
? — Segovia, X-1614

Details

Birth date: 
16/2 (1530)
Death date: 
16/4 (1595)
Nationality: 
Submission’s author: 
Orleans, c1530 - Geneva, 1595

Details

Birth date: 
?
Death date: 
17/1 (1601)
Nationality: 
Submission’s author: 
Napoli, ? — Napoli, 1601

Details

Birth date: 
16/4
Death date: 
17/2 (1632)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1593-1611 Catedral del Salvador (la Seo), Zaragoza
1614-1634 Catedral del Salvador (la Seo), Zaragoza
Submission’s author: 
Tarazona, late 16th c. — Zaragoza, 1632

Details

Birth date: 
?
Death date: 
17/1 (1615)
Nationality: 
Submission’s author: 
? — Valladolid, 23-XI-1615

Details

Birth date: 
18/2 (1729)
Death date: 
18/4 (1783)
Nationality: 
Submission’s author: 
Olot, Girona, bautizado, 3-XII-1729 — El Escorial, Madrid, 20-XII-1783

Details

Birth date: 
16/3 (?)
Death date: 
16/4 (?)
Biography: 

There are several works attributed to this unknown composer in E-Asa 09.

Submission’s author: 
fl 16/4 — 17/1

Details

Birth date: 
18/4 (1787)
Death date: 
19/3 (1851)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1804-1808 Colegiata de Calatayud
1811-1830 Catedral de Murcia
1830-1835 Palacio Real, Madrid
Biography: 

Compositor y profesor español, nacido en Cella (Teruel) el 12 de noviembre de 1787. Destinado desde niño a la carrera eclesiástica, recibió las primeras órdenes en 1805, si bien nunca llegaría a recibir las mayores. En la capilla de música de la catedral de Teruel se inició musicalmente junto al maestro de capilla Antonio Gómez. Con 17 años opositó y obtuvo la plaza de maestro de capilla y organista en la colegial de Santa María de Calatayud. En 1808, ante la invasión francesa, es nombrado teniente capitán de los Tercios de Teruel y participa en la defensa de Zaragoza. Más tarde, entra en el ejército como músico mayor en Valencia, donde compuso una Batalla. En 1811 se encargó de la enseñanza del colegio de seises de San Leandro de la catedral de Murcia hasta 1814, donde más tarde ocuparía la plaza de organista. Allí se conserva buena parte de su producción musical.

En 1830 su trayectoria da un giro cuando se presenta a la plaza de maestro de la Real Capilla; no obtiene el puesto por no tener la condición sacerdotal, pero si la plaza de "compositor de la cámara" del rey Fernando VII, por lo que se traslada a Madrid. Sin embargo esa plaza se extingue en 1835, dedicándose a partir de entonces a la enseñanza. Soriano falleció en Madrid el 21 de agosto de 1851.

Escribió numerosas obras teóricas, entre ellas, un Método de Armonía y Composición que según algunas fuentes tuvo una importante repercusión en los músicos posteriores. Colaboró además en publicaciones como El Anfión Matritense.

Las obras de Soriano se conocen a través de Barbieri, quien en su Legado, hace la relación de las mismas del archivo del compositor. Destaca la producción religiosa: misas, oficios, himnos, lamentaciones, salmos y villancicos, pero también obras orquestales y de cámara.

Fue padre del compositor Mariano Soriano Fuertes y maestro entre otros de Barbieri y Fernández Caballero. Participó como perito —su dictamen fue impreso en 1843— en un pleito de Ramón Carnicer, el famoso operista catalán, contra los herederos del banquero Sanfont que no querían pagar el presupuesto musical de los funerales del banquero y de la composición expresa de una Misa de Requiem del propio Carnicer.

(Fuente: INAEM, http://musicadiz1812.es/compositor-soriano-fuertes-indalecio.html)

Submission’s author: 
1787-1851

Details

Birth date: 
16/2
Death date: 
17/2
Nationality: 
References: 

El motete In illo tempore assumpsit Jesus de Soriano fue publicado por Victoria en su Motecta festorum totius anni (1585).

Soriano, Viterbo, 1548/49 — Roma, 19-VII-1621

Details

Birth date: 
17/2 (?)
Death date: 
18/1 (1708)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1671-1708 Catedral de Jaén
Submission’s author: 
Almería, ? — Jaén, 1708

Details

Birth date: 
16/2 (1535)
Death date: 
16/4 (1595)
Nationality: 
Submission’s author: 
Napoli?, ca. 1535 — Kralow, 1595

Details

Birth date: 
15/2 (?)
Death date: 
15/4 (?)
Nationality: 
Locations: 
Submission’s author: 
fl. ca. 1445 — Rome, 1487 or after 1501

Details

Birth date: 
16/2 (1540)
Death date: 
16/4 (1592)
Nationality: 
Mantova, ca. 1540 — Mantova, 29-II-1592

Details

Birth date: 
?
Death date: 
17/3 (before 1778)
Nationality: 
Submission’s author: 
? — Burgos, before 16-III-1778

Details

Birth date: 
17/4 (1680)
Death date: 
18/3 (1755)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1690 — 1700 Catedral de México
1700 — 1708 ?
1708 — 1739 Catedral de México
1739 — 1755 Catedral de Oaxaca
Submission’s author: 
México D.F., baptized 14-I-1680 — Oaxaca, México, 21-XII-1755

Details

Birth date: 
16/1
Death date: 
16/3 (1570 ?)
Submission’s author: 
ca. 1510–1515, Soest, nr Dortmund — Sweden, 1570 or later

Details

Birth date: 
16/4 (1585)
Death date: 
17/2 (1638)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1608 — 1612 Catedral de Baeza
1612 — 1633 Catedral de Murcia
1631 — 1638 Las Palmas
1638 Cuenca
References: 

Ell Diccionario de la Música Labor, vol. 2, p. 2097, tiene la siguiente entrada: "TAVAREZ, Manoel.  Compositor portugués del s. XVII, * en Portallegre (Transtagana); en 1612 estaba de maestro de música en Baeza; más tarde, hacia 1625, regía la capilla de la catedral de Murcia, desde la cual pasó a la de Cuenca, donde falleció. Entre sus piezas conservadas se halla el motete Veni in hortum meum a 8 v.; Dixit Dominus a 14 v; Beatus vir a 12; Lauda Jerusalem a 12 voces. En la Seo de Zaragoza, legajo de Varios, figuran otras piezas de T[avarez]". El dato sobre su servicio en la Catedral de Murcia lo da Consuelo Prats.

Portalegre?, Portugal, 1585 — Cuenca, 13-X-1638

Details

Nationality: 
Submission’s author: 
fl. Milan, second half of the 16th century

Details

Birth date: 
16/1
Death date: 
16/3 (1570)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1546—1570 Catedral del Salvador (la Seo), Zaragoza
Submission’s author: 
16/1

Details

Birth date: 
1539
Death date: 
1583
Nationality: 
Biography: 

Italian composer and organist. He was named maestro di cappella of S Maria Maggiore, Rome, on 10 October 1575. He was organist of S Pietro in February 1577. In 1581 he moved to Naples, where he was organist of the SS Annunziata until his death.

Submission’s author: 
Modena, ?--?-1539 — Nápoles, ?-?-1583

Details

Birth date: 
16/2 (?)
Death date: 
16/4 (?)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1568—1576 Catedral de Valencia
1577?— Catedral de Lleida
? — 1587 Colegiata de Berlanga de Duero
1587-23-XII—1593 Seo de Zaragoza
1593 — ? Catedral de Sigüenza
References: 

The only known work by Cristóbal Tello mentioned by González Marín is a "Kalenda Nativitatis D.N.J.C." (1587), 5 vv, at E-Zac, published by P. Calahorra, Obras de los maestros de las capillas de música de zaragoza en los siglos XV, XVI y XVII (Zaragoza: Instituto Fernando el Católico, 1984), pp. 67-71. The work attributed to Tellez in E-MO 2991 is hitherto unknown; the presence in that manuscript of works by Robledo and, especially Tellez, a kleinmeister active in Zaragoza, suggests that the manuscript comes from Zaragoza.

Submission’s author: 
Valencia?, before 1568 — Sigüenza, Guadalajara?, ca. 1593

Details

Birth date: 
17/2
Death date: 
17/4
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1673 (28-III)—1674 (1-X) Catedral de Sevilla
1657—1690 Catedral de Murcia
References: 

José López-Calo en DMEH, vol. 10, p. 257 dice: "Fue nombrado MC de la catedral de Sevilla el 28 de marzo de 1673, al parecer sin oposición.... Sin licencia del Cabildo, abandonó el cargo el 1 de octubre de 1674, y volvieron a llamarlo a Murcia, a donde se había ido el 1 de septiembre de 1684, pero no aceptó. En Murcia estaba en 1677, pues Francisco Lizondo, en varias de sus carta a Miguel de Irízar, le nombra como MC de esa ciudad".

López-Calo menciona obras suyas en E-Bc. E-E y E-SE.

Consuelo Prats Redondo en "Murcia", DMEH, vol. 7, p. 893, indica que el período de servicio de Miguel Tello en la Catedral de Murcia es de 1657 a 1690. Consultar su libro más reciente.

Submission’s author: 
fl. 1673—1690

Details

Nationality: 
Submission’s author: 
fl. Bergamo, ca. 1580-1600

Details

Birth date: 
15/3 (1470)
Death date: 
16/2 (1528)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1492 — 1527 Collégiale Saint-George, Nancy
ca. 1470 —30-III-1528

Details

Birth date: 
16/1 (1510)
Death date: 
16/3 (1569)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1532 Prince of Urbino's court, Pesaro
1545-1564 Papal service ('músico' of Paul III)
References: 

According to James Haar (2001), 462: "Tiburtino's ricercares are unlike those of Willaert and are closer in style and technique to the glosas and fantasias of Mudarra, Valderrábano and Pisador than to any Italian ricercares. All are based on hexachord themes, at least several of which are derived from well-known works such as Josquin masses...".

Submission’s author: 
Tivoli, ca. 1510 — Rome, 16-XII-1569

Details

Birth date: 
15/2 (1435)
Death date: 
16/1 (1511)
Nationality: 
Submission’s author: 
ca. 1435 — 1511

Details

Birth date: 
18/1 (1714)
Death date: 
18/4 (1781)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1741 — ? Real Capilla de Madrid
? — ? (7 years) Chiesa di San Marco, Roma
1756 — 1781 Catedral de México
Submission’s author: 
Madrid, 1714 — México D.F., 15-IX-1781

Details

Birth date: 
16/2 (?)
Death date: 
17/1 (?)
Nationality: 
Submission’s author: 
Ingolstadt, before 1546 - ?Dinkelsbühl, Central Franconia, after 1606

Details

Birth date: 
16/1 (1510)
Death date: 
16/4 (1580)
Nationality: 
Berlanga de Duero, ca. 1510 — Toledo, 4-IX-1580

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