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RA-BAmrr "Codex Zuola"

Codex Zuola. Libro de varias curiosidades / Tesoro de diversas materias
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Following Stevenson (1968), pp. 306-312, this collection "was brought together by Fray Gregorio de Zuola, a Franciscan who, after serving some dozen years at Cochabamba in what is now Bolivia (1666-1678), was transferred to the doctrina (Indian mission) of Urquillos near Cuzco and thence, in the 1690's, to the Cuzco motherhouse, where he died on November 28, 1709. He left his 500-page commonplace book to his cousin-in-law, Matías Ramos Delgado of Cuzco, who rose from being a captain to a general (d. 1725). For that matter, all Zuola's Cuzco relations were gentry (in his commonplace book he noted the deaths of two ladies of quality at Cuzco, one of whom was his niece, the other his cousin).
Throughout all seventeen [sic] items copied on pages 136, 160-161, 354-364, 368-369, 372, 389 and 391 he set Spanish texts, except on 160-161 (a version of the Credo Romano). In all but two pieces he chose secular lyrics. Lope de Vega's Las fortunas de Diana served as the source of his monodic Entre los álamos verdes. The other texts, though in every instance anonymous, so frequently copy or echo known Peninsular originals (e. g., lyrics on pp. 356 [Marizápalos baja una tarde], 361 [Don Pedro a quien los crueles], 363 [Malograda fuentecilla], 389 [Por qué tan firme os adoro]) that all may quite well be derivative. He credited the music of the three-voiced Hijos de Eva tributarios to Tomás de Herrera [fl. Cuzco, ca. 1611], of the four-voiced Dime Pedro por tu vida and Por qué tan firme os adoro to [Manuel] Correa. For the rest  he omitted any composers' names. Since he was acknowledged to be not only a gran Plumario ('great penman') but also Gran diestro en la música ('very skilled in music'), he may himself have been the composer of at least the Credo Romano on pages 160-161 of his commonplace book...". (pp. 306-307).

See also Illari (2000), p. 86, who lists eighteen pieces and provides concordances.

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Last modified: Emilio Ros-Fábregas - 06 May 2021

How to cite

Emilio Ros-Fábregas, "RA-BAmrr "Codex Zuola"", Books of Hispanic Polyphony, ed. E. Ros-Fábregas (accession date: 25 Oct 2021),