Navigation (Type of musician)

nun musician / monja música

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Details

Birth date: 
17/2 (?)
Death date: 
18/1 (ca. 1718)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1665-1718 Monastery of Santa Ana de Ávila (singer and harpist)
Biography: 

According to Alfonso de Vicente (1989), p. 16, "Graciosa Almendoz [sic], cantora y arpista" (singer and harpist) was professed as a nun in the Monastery of Santa Ana de Ávila in 1665, and she died ca. 1718. In several documents about the Monastery consulted at the Archivo HIstórico Nacional de España in Madrid, her surname appears as "Almandox". The usual version of that surname ("Almandoz") has been adopted in this database.

Submission’s author: 
fl. Ávila, 1665 — d. Ávila, ca. 1718

Details

Birth date: 
17/3 (?)
Death date: 
17/4 (1689)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1686-1689, Monastery of Santa Ana de Ávila (singer)
Biography: 

According to Alfonso de Vicente (1989), p. 16, María Antonia de Angulo, "cantora" (singer), born in Palencia, was professed as a nun in the Monastery of Santa Ana de Ávila in 1686, and she died there in 1689.

Submission’s author: 
b. Palencia, ? — d. Ávila, 1689

Details

Birth date: 
19/1 (1818)
Death date: 
19/2 (1848)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
ca. 1834-1848
Biography: 

Alfonso de Vicente (1989), p. 17, annotated: "Escolástica Eulalia Arámburu [sic], cantora y organista (Cuzcurrita del Río Tirón, Calahorra, n 1818, p 1834, m 1848)", indicating her dates of birth (n = nacimiento), nun profession (p = profesión) and death (m = muerte). At present, Cuzcurrita del Río Tirón is a location within the Autonomous Community of La Rioja, diocesis of Calahorra and La Calzada-Logroño.

Submission’s author: 
Cuzcurrita del Río Tirón, La Rioja, 1818 — Ávila, 1848

Details

Birth date: 
18/4 (1794)
Death date: 
19/2 (1839)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
ca. 1818-1839 Monastery of Santa Ana de Ávila (singer and organist)
Biography: 

Alfonso de Vicente (1989), p. 17, annotated: "Antonia Aulestia y Barceló, cantora y organista (Marsá, Tortosa, n 1794, p 1818, m 1839)", indicating her dates of birth (n = nacimiento), nun profession (p = profesión) and death (m = muerte). At present, Marçà / Marsá is a location of the province of Tarragona, diocesis of Tortosa.

Submission’s author: 
Marçà, Tarragona, 1794 — Ávila, 1839

Details

Birth date: 
18/2 (?)
Death date: 
18/4 (?)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1756 onwards Convent of Santa María de Jesús (Las Gordillas), Ávila (singer)
Biography: 

Alfonso de Vicente (1989), p. 15, annotated: "En el convento de clarisas de Las Gordillas también ocurría lo mismo. El 24-2-1756 son recibidas sin dote Gertrudis Aznar y Antonia de la Dehesa por la necesidad de monjas para canto llano y órgano".

Submission’s author: 
fl. Ávila, 1756

Details

Birth date: 
16/2 (?)
Death date: 
16/4 (?)
Nationality: 
Biography: 

She was a nun organist and composer, and the author of the hymn Conditor alme siderum, included in the tablature book Libro de Cifra Nueva para tecla, arpa y vihuela (Alcalá de Henares, 1557) by Luis Venegas de Henestrosa [RISM V1108]. In the introductory study to the modern edition of this source, Higinio Anglés (1944), p. 178, annotated about the Gracia Baptista's piece (Nº. 107 within the edition):

"107. GRACIA BAPTISTA, monja. Conditor alme. Himno XXII.
Se trata del himno de Adviento Conditor alme siderum / aeterna lux credentium (CHEVALIER, 3733). Por la melodía gregoriana que sirve de cantus firmus, véase Antiphonale Romanum (1919), páginas 185 ss. Nos es desconocido el nombre de esta organista española".

See the edition of the piece by Anglés (1944) in open access (PDF format) in the series Monumentos de la Música Española 2, p. 155 of the music edition, through the link: http://libros.csic.es/product_info.php?products_id=994

Josemi Lorenzo Arribas (1998), pp. 25-28, commented several typographical and printing mistakes in the original edition that resulted in a problematic transmission of the piece (the first Hispanic composition attributed to a woman), as well as an unsatisfactory historiographical projection of her composer, the nun Gracia Baptista.

See also Josemi Lorenzo Arribas (2011) for a more detailed study on Gracia Baptista, including a new edition of her Conditor alme siderum prepared by Bruno Forst.

Submission’s author: 
fl. before 1557

Details

Birth date: 
17/3 (?)
Death date: 
18/1 (1725)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1699-1725 Monasterio de Santa Ana de Ávila (organist)
Biography: 

According to Alfonso de Vicente (1989), p. 16, "Francisca Benéytez, organista" (organist), born in Toro, was professed as a nun in the Monasterio de Santa Ana de Ávila in 1699, and she died there in 1725. The second last name ("Díez") is annotated in Madrid, Archivo Histórico Nacional (E-Mah), Clero Regular-Secular, Libro 517, 58v and other documents consulted by María Gembero-Ustárroz. The precise date of death (22-VII-1725) is taken from E-Mah, Clero Regular-Secular, Libro 520, 64v.

Submission’s author: 
b. Toro, Zamora — Ávila, 22-VII-1725

Details

Birth date: 
17/2
Death date: 
17/4 (?)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
ca.1646- Monastery of Santa Ana de Ávila (singer)
Biography: 

According to Alfonso de Vicente (1989, p. 16), María de Carrasco, "cantora" (singer), born ca. 1628, was professed as a nun in the Monastery of Santa Ana de Ávila in 1646.

Submission’s author: 
b. ca. 1628, ? — fl. Ávila, 1646

Details

Birth date: 
18/1 (?)
Death date: 
18/3 (1770)
Nationality: 
Periods of service: 
1725-1770 Monasterio de Santa Ana de Ávila (organist)
Biography: 

As seen by María Gembero-Ustárroz in several documents in Madrid,  Archivo Histórico Nacional (E-Mah), María Josefa Carrasco entered the convent of Santa Ana de Ávila on 27 November 1725, and she took her final vows on 30 July 1727. 

Alfonso de Vicente (1989), p. 16, indicated that this nun was born in 1727, but this was the year of her profession in Santa Ana de Ávila. Later on, Vicente (2000), p. 529, corrected his mistake and provided María Josefa Carrasco's correct  birthdate and date of final vows. According to Vicente (1989), p. 16, she died in 1770.

Submission’s author: 
Tordesillas, Valladolid, ? - Ávila, 1770

Details

Birth date: 
16/4 (?)
Death date: 
17/2 (1650)
Biography: 

Regarding Clara Eugenia and her sister Eugenia Clara, also a nun musician in the Monastery of La Encarnación in Ávila, Alfonso de Vicente (1989), p. 14, annotated: "Otras dos hermanas son recibidas en las mismas circunstancias ('por estos instrumentos las recibieron de valde en el convento de la Encarnación'): doña Eugenia Clara (1591-1646), que tocaba el bajón, y doña Clara Eugenia († 1650), organista y arpista".

Submission’s author: 
† Ávila, 1650

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